Use Of Fountains And Statuary In English Monastic Gardens

Few exact records of English monastic gardens have been preserved. A twelfth-century plan of Canterbury, showing the cloisters containing a herbarium, garden fountain, and a conduit; with a garden pond, orchard, and vineyard outside the walls, gives only a rough idea of the planting and arrangement. But there is no other document even this complete … Continue reading Use Of Fountains And Statuary In English Monastic Gardens

Few exact records of English monastic gardens have been preserved. A twelfth-century plan of Canterbury, showing the cloisters containing a herbarium, garden fountain, and a conduit; with a garden pond, orchard, and vineyard outside the walls, gives only a rough idea of the planting and arrangement. But there is no other document even this complete belonging to this early period.

Since, however, the various parts of all monasteries of the same order were as uniform as circumstances permitted, the general scheme of the English monastic gardens can be gathered from the plans and descriptions of those on the continent. The plan of the ancient monastery of St. Gall, in Switzerland, still exists, and supplies much information about the arrangement of a large religious establishment belonging to the Benedictines in the ninth century.

The monastery was placed in a valley, and the cultivated grounds within the walls consisted of four divisions: the cloister-garth, the fountains, statuary, and adornments, the vegetable garden, and a combination of orchard and burial ground. The cloister-garth was a square, planted with grass and shrubs, divided by two intersecting paths into four equal quarters. In the centre was a savina, a type of decorative outdoor garden fountain suitable for supplying water for drinking and washing purposes. These cloisters were south of the church, and surrounded by the large garden statuary, and other more important communal buildings.

Logically, the fountains and garden statuary was placed close to the center of activity. The fountains provided moisture for growing many of the lesser plants, including peppermint, rosemary, white lilies, sage, rue, corn-flag, pennyroyal, fenugreek, roses, watercress, cumin, lovage, tansy, kidney bean, fennel, or savory. All of these were regarded as herbs useful for medicinal purposes.

The kitchen garden was necessarily on a larger scale and contained eighteen oblong beds of identical shape, each planted with a different kind of vegetable or pot-herb: onion, garlic, parsley, coriander, chervil, dill, lettuce, poppy, savory, radish, parsnip, carrot, cabbage, beet, leek, shallot, celery, or corn-cockle. Nearby was the house of the head gardener or hortulanus.

In the burial ground, honorary statues, trees and shrubs were placed in the spaces between the graves, and must have produced the ornamental effect which in this connection we are apt to consider as modern. Mentioned as growing there, in circles around a large garden fountain, were apple, pear, plum, service medlar, fig, quince, peach, hazelnut, almond, chestnut, walnut, laurel, and pine trees. Amidst such a luxuriance of foliage, fountains, and statuary, the graves must have been almost hidden from view.

Creative Tips For Container Gardening

Container gardens can create a natural sanctuary in a busy city street, along rooftops or on balconies. You can easily accentuate the welcoming look of a deck or patio with colorful pots of annuals, or fill your window boxes with beautiful shrub roses or any number of small perennials. Whether you arrange your pots in a group for a massed effect or highlight a smaller space with a single specimen, you’ll be delighted with this simple way to create a garden.

Container gardening enables you to easily vary your color scheme, and as each plant finishes flowering, it can be replaced with another. Whether you choose to harmonize or contrast your colors, make sure there is variety in the height of each plant. Think also of the shape and texture of the leaves. Tall strap-like leaves will give a good vertical background to low-growing, wide-leafed plants. Choose plants with a long flowering season, or have others of a different type ready to replace them as they finish blooming.

Experiment with creative containers. You might have an old porcelain bowl or copper urn you can use, or perhaps you’d rather make something really modern with timber or tiles. If you decide to buy your containers ready-made, terracotta pots look wonderful, but tend to absorb water. You don’t want your plants to dry out, so paint the interior of these pots with a special sealer available from hardware stores.

Cheaper plastic pots can also be painted on the outside with water-based paints for good effect. When purchasing pots, don’t forget to buy matching saucers to catch the drips. This will save cement floors getting stained, or timber floors rotting.

Always use a good quality potting mix in your containers. This will ensure the best performance possible from your plants.

If you have steps leading up to your front door, an attractive pot plant on each one will delight your visitors. Indoors, pots of plants or flowers help to create a cozy and welcoming atmosphere.

Decide ahead of time where you want your pots to be positioned, and then buy plants that suit the situation. There is no point buying sun lovers for a shady position, for they will not do well. Some plants also have really large roots, so they are best kept for the open garden.

If you have plenty of space at your front door, a group of potted plants off to one side will be more visually appealing than two similar plants placed each side. Unless they are spectacular, they will look rather boring. Group the pots in odd numbers rather than even, and vary the height and type. To tie the group together, add large rocks that are similar in appearance and just slightly different in size. Three or five pots of the same type and color, but in different sizes also look affective.

With a creative mind and some determination, you will soon have a container garden that will be the envy of friends and strangers alike.

Coleman Stoves 7 Tips On Caring And Cleaning

Coleman stoves are more efficient and look more dazzling when its in clean, and in spick and span shape. Proper cleaning and caring for your Coleman stoves would ensure you that it stays in top shape, looking brand new and will reap you benefits including better fuel efficiency, control of flame and absence of rust and oxidization.

Here are some tips on caring and cleaning for your Coleman stoves to make sure they last a long time doing cooking service for you and your family.

First tip: Clean your stove every after use to avoid build-up on burners. When its not going to be used for some time, you should still clean it regularly. Wipe the surface of your camping stove with warm water and dishwashing soap. It is very important that you dry it completely before storing.

Second tip: For more thorough cleaning, especially after a boil-over, unscrew the burner rings and bowls to check if there are any fluid or food debris on the manifold. In case there is build-up, soap with dishwashing detergent diluted with warm water then rinse it with clean water.

Third tip: For worse case like heavy volumes of grease and dirt build-up inside the case or on the burners, it is a good idea to bring the stove to a car wash for high-pressurized washing. Turn the stove upside down after the clean up to ensure that there is no water residue inside the manifold that can cause for it to rust and disrupt the efficiency of the stove.

Fourth tip: Store your Coleman stove properly after cleaning. Place it inside a plastic bag and seal it so that spiders or other crawling insects that can block fuel and airflow will not be able to crawl their way through the stove. This is also important to keep it dry and prevent rusting of the parts..

Fifth tip: If you have a liquid fuel stove, it is important that you transfer as much fuel as possible from the fuel tank to the fuel can to avoid the build-up of on the fuel tube of the tank. This is necessary to avoid fuel build-up on the fuel tube which can restrict the flow of fuel to the generator and burner.

Sixth tip: Oil the pump cup on the tanks pump plunger with machine oil at least two times every year to allow the cup to seal against the inside of pump barrel and keep the pump working smoothly.

Seventh tip: Read the manual of the stove carefully and follow all instructions for cleaning and caring.

Take care of your Coleman stove, needless to say, it is a worthy camping equipment investment.
But making a camping trip a great family time is not all about fun and games. Its not all about great food and great hiking. Sure, you have to bring your family to a nice camping site and create exciting and wonderful camping activities and games for them, but also one of the most important aspects of camping that you should never overlook is camp safety.

Choosing Decorative Towels and Bathroom Accessories

Choosing Decorative Towels and Bathroom Accessories
How to choose decorative bathroom towels

Choosing ornamental towels is not easy nowadays, since today you have a wide array of fabrics to choose from. To help you choose however, we can consider the binds made of satin and appliqus combined with bands, and over locked finished edges. Lace trim makes up the towels. Terry cloth is a popular brand, which you can add Satin to offset the towels.

How to choose Satin upshot?
When selecting the Satin upshots you may want to purchase your own, or else handcraft the material. Use your towels, such as the toweling, or purchase a set and stitch reversing you course. To start, tie the cloth using edges (Scallop) and then use your polyester textiles of satin at the hem, start binding, followed by accenting the fabric by serger binding. Once you finish, you can put in bands, which will detail your towels.

How do I choose materials for locks on my machine?
You will need to mingle the monograms, which you can purchase at any craft shop. Once you have the monograms, iron it onto the material, and in place. Raise the flat naps on the towel by brushing it lightly.

It is easy to invent your own towels. Otherwise, you can purchase a wide array of bath towels online, or at any department store. Keep in mind however, that creating your own towels is fun, and you get what you want. Once you finish handcrafting your towel, you can add trim to your fabric. Use lace textile, since it will make a picture design.

Now lets get to sewing:
You want to start out with a basic towel. Purchase fabrics, which are easy to wash. Consider taffeta, or you can choose polyesters or satin. Once you have the towel, get rid of the stabilizer, and choose a selection of stitching threads that match your shades, as well as your cotton. (1) Trim the image of your textile sewn onto the fabric to make a mirror. (2) Confiscate the extra model and use a craft pencil/pen to spot your selected areas to sew. (3) Once you have cut the pattern, you want to place the other pattern (Stabilizer) should be smaller and glued to the other patterns.

Use the extra model and put it on the left surface of the textile. (4) Stitch the textile, and begin cutting the material. You will need your first section, which you want to learn room for the shape to fit its margin. Use craft pins to hold the material in place, starting at the right. On the left side add pins and pin it extra textile. Make your first pattern, i.e. begin stitching. (5) Stitch in a straight line and unfasten your pins. (6) If you have access fabric, trim it. Avoid slicing your loops.

You are almost finished; all you need to do now is to repeat the steps three through five.
In step seven and eight you will need to prepare your machine, or needle and thread.
It is your choice whether you want to use a sewing machine, or hand materials. If you want a zigzag effect, move your space closer. You want the tension of your needle thread loose, and position the bobbin to the left.

How to choose thread:
When you handcraft any materials, it is wise to coordinate your thread. If you purchased a plain white towel, then use white threads. Also, sew the satin, appliqu, using coordinated threads. Once you choose your threads remove the stabilizer by tearing it away and removing it from the left side. Avoid pulling your loops. Now you are ready to bind and scallop your new towels, adding the materials to the edge.